I am interested in the experiences of employees who are overqualified or otherwise underemployed for their jobs, and their emotional and behavioral reactions to such a situation.

My most recent publication is with former SUNY New Paltz student and colleague Natalya M. Parfyonova and appeared in the Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology:

Maynard, D. C. & Parfyonova, N. M. (2013). Perceived overqualification and withdrawal behaviors: Examining the roles of job attitudes and work values. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 86, 435-455.


In 2011, Daniel C. Feldman and I co-edited a book on the topic:

Underemployment: Psychological, Economic and Social Challenges. (2011) Edited by Douglas C. Maynard and Daniel C. Feldman. Published by Springer Business + Science.

This book is a collection of 14 chapters written by the foremost scholars on underemployment in the disciplines of psychology, business, economics and sociology. It was named a 2011 Outstanding Academic Title in the Business, Management and Labor category by Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries. Click here (or on the image at right) to see it on Amazon.com, where you can see a table of contents and sample pages.

Measuring perceived overqualification

The Scale of Perceived Overqualification (SPOQ) is a 9-item measure that taps perceived overqualification Рin other words, the feeling that one possesses surplus education, experience, and/or skills in their current job. This scale currently available in 4 languages: English, Spanish, German, and Mandarin Chinese.

  • The English version of the SPOQ can be found in Maynard, Joseph & Maynard (2006).
  • The SPOQ was translated into Mandarin Chinese by Yi-Jung Chen. It can be found here, along with the citation. Please note that this version utilizes simplified characters.
  • For the Spanish or German versions of the scale, please contact me directly at maynardd@newpaltz.edu.

If you use any version of the SPOQ, please use the following reference in your work:

  • Maynard, D. C., Joseph, T., & Maynard, A. M. (2006). Underemployment, job attitudes, and turnover intentions. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 27(4), 509-536. doi:10.1002/job.389

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